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African American Studies: Primary Sources

Associated Negro Press - Claude A. Barnett

The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 1: Associated Negro Press News Releases, 1928-1964, Series A: 1928-1944

Claude A. Barnett founded the Associated Negro Press (ANP) in March 1919 and remained its director through nearly half a century of enormous social change. The ANP was the largest and longest-lived news service to supply black newspapers in the United States with news of interest to black citizens, opinion columns, reviews of books, movies, and records, and occasionally poetry, cartoons, and photographs. The ANP provided its member newspapers with professionally written, detailed coverage of activities within black communities across the country and the latest news about national trends and events.  

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 1: Associated Negro Press News Releases, 1928-1964, Series B: 1945-1955 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 1: Associated Negro Press News Releases, 1928-1964, Series C: 1956-1964 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 2: Associated Negro Press Organizational Files, 1920-1966 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series A, Agriculture, 1923-1966 

·         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series B: Colleges and Universities, 1918-1966 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series C: Economic Conditions, 1918-1966 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series D: Entertainers, Artists, and Authors, 1928-1965 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series E: Medicine, 1927-1965 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series F: Military, 1925-1965 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series G: Philanthropic and Social Organizations, 1925-1966 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series H: Politics and Law, 1920-1966 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series I: Race Relations, 1923-1965 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series J: Religion, 1924-1966 

         The Claude A. Barnett Papers: The Associated Negro Press, 1918-1967, Part 3: Subject Files on Black Americans, 1918-1967, Series K: Claude A. Barnett, Personal and Financial, 1920-1967 

Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

Records of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Series A, Holdings of the Chicago Historical Society, Part 1: Records of the BSCP, 1925-1969

The Records, organized in three parts and composed mainly of documents housed in the Chicago Historical Society but supplemented by material from the Newberry Library, provide extraordinary documentation that scholars might use to help us understand further the significant history of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP) and the men who built it into the first national union of black workers officially affiliated with the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and later with the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO). The Records are, as well, a revealing source on the activities of the Ladies Auxiliary of the BSCP and its colorful president, Helena Wilson.  

         Records of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Series A, Holdings of the Chicago Historical Society, Part 2: Records of the Ladies Auxiliary of the BSCP, 1931-1968 

         Records of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Series A, Holdings of the Chicago Historical Society, Part 3: Records of the BSCP Relations with the Pullman Company, 1925-1968 

NAACP Papers

Papers of the NAACP, Part 01: Meetings of the Board of Directors, Records of Annual Conferences, Major Speeches, and Special Reports

This collection, offers the core materials of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People from 1909 through 1970 held in the manuscript division of the Library of Congress.  

·         Papers of the NAACP, Part 01: Supplement, 1951-1955 

·         Papers of the NAACP, Part 01: Supplement, 1956-1960 

·         Papers of the NAACP, Part 01: Supplement, 1961-1965 

·         Papers of the NAACP, Part 01: Supplement, 1966-1970 

Papers of the NAACP, Part 02: 1919-1939, Personal Correspondence of Selected NAACP Officials

This collection contains the "personal" correspondence of Secretary Walter White and several other prominent NAACP executives during the 1920s and 30s. More accurately described as professional and social correspondence, the material in this collection primarily focuses on activities not directly related to official NAACP business. 

Papers of the NAACP, Part 03: The Campaign for Educational Equality, Series A: Legal Department and Central Office Records, 1913-1940

This collection provides an in-depth, behind-the-scenes look at the NAACP's efforts to fight school segregation.  The documents in this collection are organized into three sections: Administrative File (three series), Legal File (five series), and Addendum File (five series). Material in the Administrative File deals with discrimination in education, discrimination in teachers' salaries, and other general educational issues. They also feature prominent figures including W. E. B. Du Bois, Charles H. Houston, James Weldon Johnson, Nathan Margold, Thurgood Marshall, Arthur B. Spingarn, Walter White, and Roy Wilkins. The Legal File folders show the NAACP educational campaign in action, including legal documents related to teachers' salary and university admission cases. The later NAACP documents in the Addendum File supplement the materials found in the previous sections. Documents in each of these series include correspondence, meeting minutes, news clippings, memoranda, reports, and legal briefs. 

Papers of the NAACP, Part 04: Voting Rights Campaign, 1916-1950

The files included in Part 4 of the NAACP Papers series contain abundant correspondence between local leaders and the NAACP national office staff.  

Papers of the NAACP, Part 05: Campaign against Residential Segregation, 1914-1955

Details the Association's efforts against residential segregation cover four major areas: 1) residential segregation ordinances, 2) racially restrictive covenants, 3) discriminatory aspects of federal housing programs, and 4) acts of violence and intimidation against black property owners and renters. 

Papers of the NAACP, Part 09: Discrimination in the U.S. Armed Forces, Series A: General Office Files on Armed Forces' Affairs, 1918-1955

Part 9A of Papers of the NAACP includes all files on the United States military from the Subject File series of Group I of the NAACP collection (1909-1939), and from the General Office File series of Group II of the collection (1940-1955). The majority of the material derives from the World War II and postwar eras that are covered by Group II. However, there is a significant series of material from Group I, which covers a bit of World War I as well as the 1920s and 1930s. Each file included has been reproduced in its entirety. 

Papers of the NAACP, Part 13: NAACP and Labor, Series A: Subject Files on Labor Conditions and Employment Discrimination, 1940-1955

This part of NAACP papers covers cases of employment discrimination, employment opportunities, and NAACP actions in the area of labor. 

Papers of the NAACP, Part 14: Race Relations in the International Arena, 1940-1955

The files in Part 14 cover the development of NAACP foreign policy from 1940 through 1955.

Papers of the NAACP, Part 16: Board of Directors, Correspondence and Committee Materials, Series A: 1919-1939

The correspondence, reports, and minutes of committee meetings contained in these background files shed light on both the preparation for and the outcome of board meetings. Many of the most important issues that the NAACP confronted are discussed in these files, and many of the NAACP's most influential leaders are represented. The series is divided between a general chronological correspondence file and a series of committee files, which are arranged alphabetically by committee name. Although there are a few letters dating between 1915 and 1918 in the first file of the Correspondence series, the bulk of this body of material begins in 1919. With few exceptions, the Committee series covers only the 1930s. 

         Papers of the NAACP, Part 16: Supplement, Board of Directors File, 1966-1970 

         Papers of the NAACP, Part 16: Supplement. Board of Directors File, 1956-1965 

         Papers of the NAACP, Part 16. Board of Directors, Correspondence and Committee Materials, Series B: 1940-1955

Papers of the NAACP, Part 17: National Staff Files, 1940-1955

The National Staff files for the period between 1940 and 1955 document the inner workings of the NAACP national headquarters during a period of significant growth for the association. They shed light on the personal qualities of numerous NAACP leaders and provide further insights on issues that the NAACP confronted during the period.  

         Papers of the NAACP, Part 17: Supplement, National Staff Files, 1956-1965

Papers of the NAACP, Part 21: NAACP Relations with the Modern Civil Rights Movement

This collection features subject files documenting the role of the NAACP in the modern civil rights movement between 1956 and 1965. The collection contains files on leading organizations, individuals, and events of the modern civil rights era. 

National Association of Colored Women's Clubs

Records of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs, 1895-1992, Part 1: Minutes of National Conventions, Publications, and President's Office Correspondence

The NACWC series provides researchers access for the first time to the records of this crucial social movement. This collection documents the founding of the organization and the role that it has played in the political, economic, and social development of the modern African American community, as well as its involvement in national and international reform movements.  

·         Records of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs, 1895-1992, Part 2: President's Office Files, 1958-1968

Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM)

The Black Power Movement: Papers of the Revolutionary Action Movement, 1962-1996

This collection of Papers of the Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM) consists of the personal files of RAM founder and National Field Chairman Muhammad Ahmad and of RAM members John H. Bracey Jr. and Ernie Allen Jr. RAM was organized in 1962 by Muhammad Ahmad (known as Max Stanford until 1970).

Papers of the Revolutionary Action Movement, 1962-1996, is organized into fourteen series.

     Series 1: Muhammad Ahmad (Max Stanford), Biographical Material, 1968-1995

     Series 2: Muhammad Ahmad (Max Stanford), Writings, 1962-1991

     Series 3: Muhammad Ahmad (Max Stanford), Correspondence, 1974-2001

     Series 4: FBI File on Maxwell C. Stanford (Muhammad Ahmad), 1964-1975

     Series 5: Revolutionary Action Movement Documents, 1963-1998

     Series 6: People of the State of New York v. Herman Benjamin Ferguson, Trial Exhibits, 1989-1990

     Series 7: Related Black Power Organizations, 1962-1999

     Series 8: Files of Individuals, 1959-1998

     Series 9: Miscellaneous Subject Files, 1963-1999

     Series 10: Publications of Black Power Organizations and Related Radical Organizations, 1963-2001

     Series 11: Publications of Other Black Power Organizations, 1967-1974

     Series 12: Congressional Hearings, "Riots, Civil and Criminal Disorders," 1967-1969

     Series 13: Oversize Materials, 1963-1990

     Series 14: Addendum, 1969-1997

 The Black Power Movement: The League of Revolutionary Black Workers, 1965-1976

This collection of records of the League of Revolutionary Black Workers (LRBW) consists of the personal files collected by General Gordon Baker Jr., one of the founding members of the Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement (DRUM) in 1968 and the LRBW in 1969.  Chronicling the rise and fall of the LRBW and its constituent organizations, the materials date primarily from 1967 and 1975 and are arranged into nine series.

SCLC

Records of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1954-1970, Part 1: Records of the President's Office

The organization's records provide researchers with a treasure of primary source material on the complexities of organizing a successful mass protest movement. Organizational working papers, internal memoranda, correspondence, minutes of meetings, field reports, press releases, pamphlet publications, questionnaire replies, statistical compilations, and many other types of documents bring to light the struggle for civil rights.  

·         Records of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1954-1970, Part 2: Records of the Executive Director and Treasurer 

·         Records of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1954-1970, Part 3: Records of the Public Relations Department 

·         Records of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1954-1970, Part 4: Records of the Program Department 

Microfilm Collections: Associations, Organizations, and Societies

American Civil Liberties Union Archives, 1917-1950

MC001  Seeley G. Mudd Library          ACLU Finding aid

315 linear ft. (1886 bound volumes, 12 archival boxes on 288 reels of microfilm). Bound scrapbook volumes for the years 1912, 1917-1946, with an extensive subject card file index. Consists of the records of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), documenting its activities in protecting individual rights under the leadership of Roger Baldwin.

American Missionary Association Archives, Microfilm edition from the Amistad Research Center

Microfilm 05360                      Printed guide (FilmB) Z7817.A45          261 reels

Microfilm of collection of manuscripts deposited in the Amistad Research Center, Fisk University, Nashville.

American Negro Historical Society Collection, 1790-1905

Microfilm 11981                Online guide           (FilmB) E185.93.P41 A5 1998          12 reels

Reproduces a variety of materials that illustrate the black experience in the 19th and 20th centuries, chiefly in Philadelphia.

Archives of the Race Relations Department of the United Church Board for Homeland Ministries, 1942-1976

Microfilm 12000                      Printed guide: none          58 reels

The collection is the complete records of the Race Relations Department, comprised of correspondence, research data, records of the self-surveys, news releases and newspaper clippings, photographs, and the records of the Institutes, which contain registers of participants, manuscript copies of lectures, reports of workshops and other records.

Black Academy of Arts and Letters Records, 1968-1980

Microfilm 11829        Online guide        Printed guide: none          10 reels

Cultural organization founded in 1969 to recognize outstanding Blacks in the fields of arts and letters. Files of the Board of Directors containing correspondence, agendas, minutes, and records of three board committees. Administrative records including material on the founding of the Academy, nominations for awards, and records relating to daily operations, including correspondence, memoranda, financial papers, and mailing list. Annual meeting files which encompass planning and programming for annual meetings, 1970-1972, and related correspondence, programs, transcripts of meetings, and financial records. 

Series I: Board of Directors files, 1969-1973

Series II: Administrative records, 1968-1980

Series III: Annual meetings, 1970-1972

COINTELPRO: the Counterintelligence Program of the FBI

Microfilm 05649                      Printed guide: none          30 reels

Communist Party of the USA--Hoodwink (reels 1-17)--New left, Socialists Workers Party (reels 18-21)--Black nationalist hate groups(reels 22-25)--Special operations file, Espionage file (reel 26)--Nationalist groups (reel 27)--White hate groups (reels 28-30)

“FBI files on various groups such as: Communist Party, White hate groups, African American nationalist hate groups, nationalist groups and other organizations.”

Commission on Interracial Cooperation Papers, 1914-1944

Microfilm 05550                      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.C655          55 reels

“The Commission on Interracial Cooperation (CIC) was formed in 1919 in response to these civil disturbances.  The CIC was a moderate coalition of whites and blacks, who recognized that promoting nonviolent change within the archaic Southern societal structure would in the long run better serve the cause of racial harmony.  Included in the collection is correspondence, minutes of CIC meetings, pamphlets and reports, and CIC educational material.” The CIC was to become the Southern Regional Council in 1944.

Communist infiltration of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and J. Edgar Hoover’s Official Confidential File on Martin Luther King, Jr.

Microfilm 05440                      Printed guide: none          9 reels

Congress of Racial Equality, Papers, 1941-1967

Microfilm 04276                      Printed guide: (FilmB)  Z1361.N39M46 1980          49 reels

“Strategies, tactics and ideologies of CORE are documented in these papers. Internal records, reports, project files, correspondence, convention notes, newsletters and other information related to civil rights organizations are included.”

Congress of Racial Equality Papers: Addendum, 1944-1968.

Microfilm 04562                      Printed guide; none           25 reels

“This collection offers materials recently released for micro-publication which were unavailable at the time of the 1980 program entitled The Papers of the Congress of Racial Equality, 1959-1976. The Addendum spans the years 1944-1968, with the largest portion of materials dealing with the 1961 to 1968 period when CORE adopted a more militant strategy in response to the Black Power movement. The collection was filmed from the holdings of the Library and Archives of The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc. of Atlanta, Georgia.”

Microfilm edition of the Detroit Urban League Papers, 1916-1950, at the University of Michigan

Microfilm 09607                      Printed guide (FilmB) F574.D49 N454          35 reels

Freedmen’s Aid Society Records, 1866-1932

Microfilm 11661                      Printed guide (FilmB) LC2703.F743          120 reels

Consists of the records of the Freedmen's Aid Society, which was established by the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1866 to set up schools for African Americans in the South.

Series 1. Letterpress correspondence

Series 2. Receipt books

Series 3. Steward missionary foundation

Series 4. Educational institutions

Series 5. General correspondence

Series 6. Correspondence between staff members

Series 7. Correspondence of a personal nature

Series 8. Remaining documents

Series 9. Annual reports, 1866-1924

Series 10. Reports of board and committee meetings, 1866-1924.

Negro Labor Committee Record Group, 1925-1969

Microfilm 11589     Online guide     Printed guide (FilmB) E184.6.G853          17 reels

Included in the manuscript collection are the personal files of Frank R. Crosswaith, founder and longtime chairman of the Negro Labor Committee.

New Deal Agencies and Black America in the 1930’s

Microfilm 05473     Online guide           Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.L47          25 reels

Materials found in this collection pertain primarily to the New Deal-black experience for the years between 1933 and 1940.  Materials were drawn from the following agencies, Office of Education, National Youth Administration, Department of Interior, Civilian Conservation Corps, Department of Labor U.S. Employment Service, National Recovery Administration, Department of Commerce, and Works Progress Administration.

Papers of the Civil Rights Congress. Parts 1-5

Microfilm 11925                      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.C59 1988          125 reels

Part I: Case files (40 microfilm reels) 

Part II: Files of William L. Patterson and the National Office (42 microfilm reels)

Part III: Publications (19 microfilm reels)

Part IV: Communist Party USA files (16 microfilm reels)

Part V: Citizens Emergency Defense Conference files (8 microfilm reels).

Papers of the Congress of Racial Equality, 1941-1967

Microfilm 04276            Printed guide (FilmB) Z1361.N39 M46 1980

Papers of the Congress of Racial Equality: Addendum, 1944-1968

Microfilm 04562            Printed Guide (FilmB) E185.61.P36

Papers of the NAACP

Microfilm 05354      Online guides    Printed guide (FilmB) Z1361.N39 G84      500+ reels

Papers of the National Negro Congress, 1933-1947

Microfilm 11689                      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.N374          94 reels

Part I: Records and correspondence, 1933-1942

Part II: Records and correspondence, 1943-1947

Part III: Financial records, 1940-1947, and publications

Part IV: Negro Labor Victory Committee, 1942-1945

Papers of the Pennsylvania Abolitionist Society

Microfilm 1083.706                                                 reels 2-5 (reel 1 is missing; request through ILS)

Records of the National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs, 1895-1992

Microfilm 09022                      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.86.R426          41 reels

Part I: Minutes of national conventions, publications, and president's office correspondence. Online guide
Part II: President's Office Files, 1958-1968.  Online guide 

Records of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

Microfilm 11720                      Printed guide (FilmB) HD6515.R362 B76          50 reels

Part I: Records of the BSCP, 1925-1969 

Part II:  Records of the Ladies Auxiliary of the BSCP, 1931-1968 

Part III:  Records of the BSCP relations with the Pullman Company, 1925-1968

Records of the National Negro Business League

Microfilm 10600                      Printed guide (FilmB) HD2425.R426          14 reels

Part I: Annual conference proceedings and organizational records, 1900-1919

Part II: Correspondence and business records, 1900-1923

Records of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1954-1970

Microfilm 10096                      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.S687          82 reels

Part I: Records of the President’s office (21 reels)

Part II: Records of the Executive Director and Treasurer (22 reels)

Part III: Records of the Public Relations Dept. (10 reels)

Part IV: Records of the Program Dept. (29 reels).

Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union Papers, 1934-1970

Microfilm 06126                      Printed guide (FilmB) Z7164.T7 S56          60 reels

“A collection consisting of correspondence, reports, press releases, legal documents, pamphlets, and other materials. It documents the formation of the union and its activities to improve the lot of sharecroppers, tenant farmers, small landowners and migratory farm workers; its relations with government agencies, and other unions/organizations.”

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Papers, 1959-1972

Microfilm 04530                      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.5.xS78          73 reels

“One of the most important civil rights groups in the late '50s and early '60s, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was also to become one of the most controversial in its later years. Formed by student activists nationwide in response to the burgeoning student sit-in movement in 1960, the SNCC adopted the Gandhian theories of nonviolent direct action, which had been formulated by CORE in the 1940s.  The collection includes correspondence, project files, internal reports, and printed materials generated by the SNCC organization as it challenged racial barriers, faced internal crises, and sought a leadership role in the fight for desegregation, voter's rights, and black power.”

Universal Negro Improvement Association, Records of the Central Division, New York, 1918-1959

Microfilm 11989     Online guide     Printed guide (FilmB) E185.86.U55 1988      6 reels

Collection also contains records related to organizations affiliated with the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) including Garvey Clubs, and the Pan-African Community League, among others.

Universal Negro Improvement Association Records, 1921-1986

Microfilm 11994          Online guide     Printed guide (FilmB) E185.86.U48 A12 1994     16 reels

Correspondence, reports, conference proceedings, speeches, minute and ledger books, membership certificates, and much more relating to the Universal Negro Improvement Association. Founded by Marcus Garvey in 1914 as a philanthropic and fraternal ogranization to promote pan-Africanism, the UNIA developed into a radical political group that advocated repatriation to Africa, among other things. The major portion of this collection dates from the period 1940-1950.