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African American Studies: Primary Sources

Microfilm collections: A-C

Printed guides to accompany microfilm sets are located in Microform Services on A-floor in Firestone Library.


African American Culture and History: The L.S. Alexander Gumby Collection of Negroiana from the Holdings of the Rare Book and Manuscript Library of Columbia University in the City of New York

ReCap Microfilm 12135                         Online guide              21 reels

Materials consist of newspaper clippings, periodical extracts, photos, pamphlets, playbills, letters, manuscripts, and materials Gumby gathered personally from subjects such as Josephine Baker, Joe Louis, Paul Robeson, and many other political, cultural and sports figures. Also includes individual scrapbooks on noted people, such as W.E.B. Du Bois, Langston Hughes, Ralph Bunche, Frederick Douglass, Marcus Garvey, Jackie Robinson, Booker T. Washington.

American Missionary Association Archives, 1839-1882.  Amistad Research Center Microfilm Edition

ReCap Microfilm 05360           Online guide          Printed guide (FilmB) Z7817.A45       261 reels

The American Missionary Association (AMA) was established in 1846 as an interdenominational missionary society devoted to abolitionist principles. The Association grew directly from the committee organized in 1839 to defend the Africans who had revolted and seized the schooner La Amistad.  The papers provide the detailed history of the AMA from its origin to 1882.

American Negro Historical Society Collection, 1790-1905

ReCap Microfilm 11981               Online guide           (FilmB) E185.93.P41 A5 1998          12 reels

Reproduces a variety of materials that illustrate the black experience in the 19th and 20th centuries, chiefly in Philadelphia.

Black Abolitionist Papers, 1830-1865

ReCap Microfilm 05367                        Printed guide (FilmB) E449.B625 1981          17 reels

A unique set of primary sources from African Americans actively involved in the movement to end slavery in the United States between 1830 and 1865.

Black Academy of Arts and Letters Records, 1968-1980

ReCap Microfilm 11829                    Online guide         Printed guide: none          10 reels

Files of the Board of Directors containing correspondence, agendas, minutes, and records of three board committees. Administrative records including material on the founding of the Academy, nominations for awards, and records relating to daily operations, including correspondence, memoranda, financial papers, and mailing list. Annual meeting files which encompass planning and programming for annual meetings, 1970-1972, and related correspondence, programs, transcripts of meetings, and financial records.

Black and Third World Periodicals. Sample Issues, 1844-1963, from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library

ReCap Microfilm 11984           Online guide        Printed guide (FilmB) E185.5.S35 1995          8 reels

This collection includes samples issues of black periodicals published in the United

States, West Indies, and Africa, as well as other publications dealing primarily with Africa or peoples of African descent wherever they reside.  The periodicals are arranged alphabetically by title.

Black Workers in the Era of the Great Migration, 1916-1925

ReCap Microfilm 05597               Online guide          Printed guide: none          25 reels

“Records relate to agricultural labor, industrial work, unionism, housing, race relations, returning veterans and their search for employment, and the process of migration from the South to the North.”

Blacks in the Railroad Industry Collection, 1946-1954

ReCap Microfilm 11640                                Online guide                1 reel

The Blacks in the Railroad Industry Collection (1946–1954) is a compilation of a variety of materials documenting the struggle of black railroad employees against ouster from the industry by the collusive actions of the companies and the unions.

Butler Plantation Papers: The Papers of Pierce Butler, 1744-1822, and Successors from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania

ReCap Microfilm 10622           Online guide        Printed guide (FilmB) F290.B96 B874        22 reels

This collection documents both the day-to-day running of the Butler plantations in South Carolina and Georgia from 1786 to 1885, and the political career of Pierce Butler, who served in Congress in 1792-94 and 1802-04.

California. Governor’s Commission on the Los Angeles Riots.  Transcripts, Depositions, Consultants Reports, and Selected Documents

ReCap Microfilm 1109.412.23    Printed guide: none          18 reels

Civil Rights and Social Activism in the South, Series 1-3

ReCap Microfilm 12030                         Printed guide (FilmB) E185.6.C585 2007        104 reels

Online guide to Series 1, Parts 1-2           Online guide to Series 2

Series 1, Civil rights and social activism in Alabama. Part 1, The John L. LeFlore papers, 1926-1976 (15 reels); Part 2: Records of the Non-Partisan Voters League, 1956-1987 (29 reels) -- Series 2, The Legal Battle for Civil Rights in Alabama. Part 1, Vernon Z. Crawford reords, 1958-1978 (6 reels); Part 2: Selctions from the Blacksher, Menefee & Stein records (37 reels) -- Series 3: James A. Dombrowski and the Southern Conference Educational Fund (17 reels).

COINTELPRO: the Counterintelligence Program of the FBI

ReCap Microfilm 05649                              Printed guide: none          30 reels

Communist Party of the USA--Hoodwink (reels 1-17)--New left, Socialists Workers Party (reels 18-21)--Black nationalist hate groups(reels 22-25)--Special operations file,Espionage file (reel 26)--Nationalist groups (reel 27)--White hate groups (reels 28-30)

Commission on Interracial Cooperation Papers, 1919-1944

ReCap Microfilm 05550                         Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.C655           55 reels

The papers of the Commission on Interracial Cooperation (CIC), which was formed in 1919 in response to these civil disturbances, are now available in this microfilm collection. The CIC formed as a moderate coalition of whites and blacks, who recognized that promoting nonviolent change within the archaic Southern societal structure would in the long run better serve the cause of racial harmony.  The CIC was to become the Southern Regional Council in 1944.

Communist infiltration of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and J. Edgar Hoover’s Official Confidential File on Martin Luther King, Jr.

ReCap Microfilm 05440                         Printed guide: none          9 reels

Congress of Racial Equality, 1941-1967: Papers

ReCap Microfilm 04276               Printed guide (FilmB) Z1361.N39M46 1980          49 reels

“Strategies, tactics and ideologies of CORE are documented in these papers. Internal records, reports, project files, correspondence, convention notes, newsletters and other information related to civil rights organizations are included.”

Congress of Racial Equality, 1944-1968: Addendum

ReCap Microfilm 04562               Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.P36          25 reels

“This collection offers materials recently released for micro-publication which were unavailable at the time of the 1980 program entitled The Papers of the Congress of Racial Equality, 1959-1976. The Addendum spans the years 1944-1968, with the largest portion of materials dealing with the 1961 to 1968 period when CORE adopted a more militant strategy in response to the Black Power movement. The collection was filmed from the holdings of the Library and Archives of The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc. of Atlanta, Georgia.”

Correspondence of the Military Intelligence Division relating to “Negro Subversion,” 1917-1941

ReCap Microfilm 09662                                 Printed guide: none                6 reels

“The documents reproduced are primarily from World War I and the immediate postwar years and consist of War Department memorandums, investigative reports, and correspondence with other agencies, particularly the Department of Justice and the Bureau of Investigation, predecessor of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and cover the activities of blacks in both civilian and military life.”

Microfilm collections: D-F

Daniel Murray papers (1881-1955)-1966

MICROFILM 09021        Printed guide (FilmB) Z1361.N39 W76          27 reels

Microfilmed by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Division of Archives & Manuscripts

Daniel Murray Pamphlet Collection: Pamphlets on African American History

Microfilm 08889                                          Reel 1 contains guide.            10 reels

Contains 357 pamphlets, published between 1821 and 1910, from the Daniel Murray Pamphlet Collection at the Library of Congress.  Also of interest from the Library of Congress is the Daniel A. P. Murray Pamphlet Collection, 1818-1907.

Detroit Urban League Papers, 1916-1950, at the University of Michigan

RECAP Microfilm 09607               Printed guide (FilmB) F574.D49 N454

The East St. Louis Race Riot of 1917

RECAP Microfilm 05592               Online guide          Short contents index on reel 1        8 reels

“Transcripts of congressional hearings by a House select committee following the outbreak of racial violence on July 2, 1917 in East St. Louis, Illinois in one of the most significant, deadly riots in U.S. history. Also included is the transcript of the criminal conspiracy trial of Dr. LeRoy Bundy, as well as other reports, records, and some photographs relevant to the riot. The hearings are arranged chronologically, preceded by a handwritten index of subjects and persons.”

Fannie Lou Hamer, 1917-1977: Papers, 1966-1978

RECAP Microfilm 11839       Online guide        Printed guide (FilmB) E185.97.H35 A3 2005a        17 reels

“Fannie Lou Hamer was a leading civil rights figure and among the most heroic of the movement’s activists. She spearheaded black voter registration in the Delta and was a leader and moving force behind the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.”

FBI File on A. Philip Randolph

RECAP Microfilm 07313                  Printed guide (FilmB) E185.97.R36 F34     1 reel

“A. Philip Randolph (1889-1979), an outspoken black labor leader, is perhaps best remembered as the organizer of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. He was elected a vice president of the AFL-CIO in 1955. The FBI’s first interest in Randolph came in 1922 at his request: he had received a death threat in the mail which included a severed black hand. This file includes memos and correspondence, most dating from the 1940s with some coverage into the early 1960s.”

FBI File on Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. 

RECAP Microfilm 10705    Online guide      Printed guide (FilmB) E748.P86 F34          8 reels

“The FBI file covers the years 1940 to the 1960’s and contains newspaper clippings and close accounts of Adam Clayton Powell’s movements.” 

FBI Files on Black Extremist Organizations

RECAP Microfilm 12456         Printed guide (FilmB) E185.615 .F534 2005                       8 reels

Cointelpro files on black hate groups and investigation of the Deacons for Defense and Justice.

FBI File on the Black Panther Party, North Carolina

RECAP Microfilm 06082            Printed guide (FilmB) E185.615.F24                    2 reels

FBI File on Elijah Muhammad 

RECAP Microfilm 10593      Online guide          Printed guide (FilmB) BP223.Z8 E4532      3 reels

“These FBI files provide background into the life of Elijah Muhammad and follow his activities and teachings as the spiritual leader of the Nation of Islam from 1953 until his death in 1975.”

FBI File, Highlander Folk School 

RECAP Microfilm 09608                  Printed Guide (FilmB) LC5301.M65 F34     1 reel

FBI File on John L. Lewis 

Microfilm 11817                  Printed guide (FilmB) HD6509.L4 F24         2 reels

FBI File on the KKK Murder of Viola Liuzzo

RECAP Microfilm 09176                             Printed guide (FilmB) E185.98.L58 F24 1990        1 reel

FBI File on Malcolm X 

RECAP Microfilm 10595     Online guide      Printed guide (FilmB) BP223.Z8 L574          10 reels

“The documents reproduced here were drawn from the Washington files of the FBI and have been released under the Freedom of Information Act.”  In addition to numerous newspaper articles, published interviews, and transcripts, there is a transcript of the Mike Wallace TV program News Beat, segment entitled: The Hate that Hate Produced.”.

         See also:

Transcripts of the Malcolm X Assassination Trial: the People of New York v. Thomas Hagan, Thomas 15X Johnson, and Norman 3X Butler

Microfilm 09179                 Printed guide (FilmB) KF224.H3 H342 1993                     1 reel

“Transcripts of the 1966 Malcolm X assassination trial include the full testimony for all withnesses of the defense and prosecution, and affidavits containing the original handwritten confession of Thomas Hagan [also known as Talmadge Hayer], the only actual assassin who was convicted of the crime.”

FBI File on Martin Luther King, Jr.

Microfilm 05368                  Printed guide (FilmB) E185.97.K5 L47          25 reels

Part I of The Martin Luther King, Jr. FBI File; Part II: The King-Levison File

“The FBI’s declassified documents that are contained in the two parts of The Martin Luther King, Jr. FBI File allow the reader to follow the development of King’s own career and civil rights activities in a way never before possible. Taken as a whole, this publication makes available to researchers in history, political science, sociology, and law a crucially important documentary record on one of the central leaders and one of the central issues of our time.”  There are also verbatim transcripts of conversations between King and one of his most trusted confidants, Stanley Levison.  

        See also: Internet Archive: Complete FBI File on Martin Luther King, Jr. and

Stanley Levison: Federal Bureau of Investigation.  This FBI file consists of security investigations of Stanley Levison from the 1950’s through the early 1970’s. Levison was a key advisor to Martin Luther King, Jr.

FBI File, MIBURN (Mississippi Burning): The Murders of Michael Henry Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James Earl Chaney, June 21, 1964

RECAP Microfilm 09175                  Printed guide (FilmB) E185.93.M6 F34          1 reel

FBI File on the Moorish Science Temple

RECAP Microfilm 11875                  Printed Guide (FilmB) BP232.F23 1998         3 reels

“Noble Drew Ali, Prophet of Islam, founded the Moorish-American Science Temple in Chicago.  The FBI investigated the Moorish Science Temple for its alleged hostility toward capitalism and its efforts to incite revolution. This collection is organized into geographic sections demarcating FBI headquarters and various field offices, including Baltimore, Chicago, and Philadelphia. It is filed chronologically within the geographic sections. Materials contain correspondence, memos, reports, interviews, and pamphlets.”

FBI File on the Murder of Lemuel Penn

RECAP Microfilm 11871            Printed guide (FilmB) HS2330.K63 F344 1997        5 reels

FBI File on the Muslim Mosque, Inc.

RECAP Microfilm 10591    Online guide      Printed guide (FilmB) BP223.Z8 L5743               3 reels

The collection covers Malcom X’s split with the Nation of Islam, as well as the formation, and surveillance of the Muslim Mosque, Inc. that continued beyond his death.

FBI File on the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

RECAP Microfilm 07314               Printed guide (FilmB) E185.5.N276 F34            4 reels

“These files on the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) cover the years 1923 to 1957, and reflect bureau investigations into the NAACP’s supposed connections with the Communist party.”

FBI File on the National Negro Congress 

RECAP Microfilm 06061            Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.F34                  2 reels

FBI File on the Organization of Afro-American Unity

RECAP Microfilm 10594                  Printed guide (FilmB) BP223.Z8 L5745          1 reel

Formed in 1964, “the Organization of Afro-American Unity was the brainchild of black activist Malcolm X.  The documents reproduced here were drawn from the Washington files of the FBI.”

FBI File on Paul Robeson 

RECAP Microfilm 06062            Printed guide (FilmB) E185.97.R63 F34          2 reels

FBI File on the Reverend Jesse Jackson  

RECAP Microfilm 06148                  Printed guide: none               1 reel

FBI File on Roy Wilkins 

RECAP Microfilm 07312                  Printed guide (Film B) E185.97.W54 F34         1 reel

“Provided is information on Wilkins’s connections to such figures as Martin Luther King, Jr. and Paul Robeson. The file is also rich in Black Panther Party documents critical of Wilkins.”

FBI File on W.E.B. Du Bois 

RECAP Microfilm 10592              Printed guide (FilmB) E185.97.D73 F24          1 reel

The documents reproduced here were drawn from the Washington files of the FBI concerning Du Bois’ membership in the Communist Party, tours of West Africa and Eastern Europe, excerpts of speeches, newspaper clippings, and files of the Passport Office.

FBI File on Thurgood Marshall 

RECAP Microfilm 11883              Printed guide (FilmB) KF8745.M34 F35 2001       1 reel

“This file contains information on Marshall’s civil rights activities in Texas during the 1950s and his allegations of harassment by Texas rangers and the Texas attorney general. Material reproduced here includes hate mail received by Marshall, background checks on Marshall and his supposed communist sympathies, and details on the FBI’s surveillance of Marshall. The file also details Marshall’s acrimonious relationship with the FBI and J. Edgar Hoover.”

FBI File on the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee 

RECAP Microfilm 09178               Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.F355             2 reels

“The FBI maintained a file on the SNCC because Communists were believed to be infiltrating its leadership. This file comprises reports from nineteen cities, including Atlanta (SNCC national headquarters), Chicago, Dallas, and San Francisco. Each section is in chronological order, spanning 1964 to 1973. The file contains addresses, membership, and information on groups believed to associate with the SNCC.”

FBI files on Black Extremist Organizations.

RECAP Microfilm 12456          Printed guide (FilmB) E185.615 .F534 2005        8 reels

Part 1 contains COINTELPRO files on black hate groups and investigation of the Deacons for Defense and Justice.

Part 2 covers Huey Newton and Eldridge Cleaver of the Black Panther Party. 

FBI Files on Selma, Memphis, Montgomery, Albany, and St. Augustine

RECAP Microfilm 11926             Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.C46 1988          21 reels

“Centers of the Southern Struggle makes available for the first time FBI headquarters files on five of the most pivotal arenas of the civil rights struggle of the 1960s: Selma, Memphis, Montgomery, St. Augustine, and Albany.  These files provide a day-by-day, and frequently an hour-by-hour, record of the activities, strategies, and alliances of the civil rights movement. They are also noteworthy both for the light they shed on such national figures and groups as Martin Luther King Jr., the SCLC, SNCC, CORE, and the NAACP, and for the raw data and analyses they supply on the many grassroots movements for racial equality that grew during the 1960s.”

FBI Investigation File on Marcus Garvey 

Microfilm 04447                  Printed guide: none          1 reel

The collection contains FBI reports, memoranda, clippings, letters, and telegrams about Garvey’s activities.

Microfilm collections: Fe-L

Federal Surveillance of Afro-Americans, 1917-1925: The First World War, the Red Scare, and the Garvey Movement

RECAP Microfilm 05596                         Printed guide: none          25 reels

Federal records that detail efforts of the Justice Department, the Federal Bureau of Investigation and its earlier organization, to target black Americans for harassment and persecution because of alleged or supposed Communistic or radical activities after World War I. Persons were suspect if they belonged to radical labor unions, the Universal Negro Improvement Association, or other radical organizations.

Franklin D. Roosevelt and Race Relations

RECAP Microfilm 12390                      Printed guide: (FilmB) E806 .F6917 2008          18 reels

This is a collection of essential materials for the study of the early development of the Civil Rights Movement--concerned with the issues of lynching, segregation, race riots, and employment discrimination.

Frederick Douglass Papers (1817-1895)

RECAP Microfilm 1083.309         Printed guide: none                20 reels

Freedmen's Aid Society records, 1866-1932

RECAP Microfilm 11661          Printed guide (FilmB) LC2703 .F743          120 reels

Consists of the records of the Freedmen's Aid Society, which was established by the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1866 to set up schools for African Americans in the South.

Series 1. Letterpress correspondence

Series 2. Receipt books

Series 3. Steward missionary foundation

Series 4. Educational institutions

Series 5. General correspondence

Series 6. Correspondence between staff members

Series 7. Correspondence of a personal nature

Series 8. Remaining documents

Series 9. Annual reports, 1866-1924

Series 10. Reports of board and committee meetings, 1866-1924

General Education Board archives. Series I, Appropriations

RECAP MICROFILM 12535     Printed guide (FilmB) LC243.G3 A3 1993  

Collection, covering 1901-1967, reveals the inner workings of the GEB; shows how it specifically aided countless African-American schools, teachers, and students throughout the South; and illustrates the tense race relations of the early twentieth century and the efforts of determined leaders to overcome hostility. The documents in this collection are organized alphabetically by state and then by location or institution. Included are reports by GEB’s state agents on educational conditions in the South and various school problems, correspondence among GEB officers, institutions requesting aid, and state agents, and pamphlets from the institutions requesting aid. Each reel contains a reel guide.  Subseries 1, The early southern program (159 reels) -- Subseries 3, New southern program and related programs, 1931-1961 (201 reels).

George A. Myers Papers (1859-1930)

RECAP Microfilm 09177 Printed guide (FilmB) E748.M93

Gumby, L. S. Alexander

African American Culture and History: The L.S. Alexander Gumby Collection of Negroiana: From the Holdings of the Rare Book & Manuscript Library of Columbia University in the city of New York.

RECAP Microfilm 12135                  Online guide          Printed guide: none          21 reels

Materials consist of newspaper clippings, periodical extracts, photos, pamphlets, playbills, letters, manuscripts, and materials Gumby gathered personally from subjects such as Josephine Baker, Joe Louis, Paul Robeson, and many other political, cultural and sports figures. Also includes individual scrapbooks on noted people, such as W.E.B. Du Bois, Langston Hughes, Ralph Bunche, Frederick Douglass, Marcus Garvey, Jackie Robinson, Booker T. Washington.

Horace Mann Bond Papers

RECAP Microfilm 11591                         Printed guide (FilmB) E185.97.B65 A3          98 reels

Part 1. Bond family papers, 1892-1971, and general correspondence, 1926-1972 (9 reels) Part 2. Subject files, 1926-1971 (36 reels)

Part 3. Institutional files, 1919-1972 (38 reels)

Part 4. Research files, 1910-1971, and writings, 1926-1972 (15 reels)

John and Lugenia Burns Hope Papers

Microfilm 05653              Printed guide (FilmB) Z6616.H67H67

Lugenia Burns Hope and John Hope Papers

RECAP Microfilm 05653                 Printed guide (FilmB) Z6616.H67H67            21 reels

 

Microfilm collections: M-P

Martin Luther King, Jr. FBI Assassination File

Microfilm 04449                  Printed guide: none                                 25 reels

Mary Church Terrell Papers

RECAP Microfilm 11885                   Printed guide: none                 34 reels

Mary McLeod Bethune Papers: The Bethune-Cookman College Collection, 1922-1955

RECAP Microfilm 10234                 Printed guide (FilmB) E185.97.B34 A3             13 reels

Microfilm Edition of the American Missionary Association Archives,  Amistad Research Center

RECAP Microfilm 05360       Online guide     Printed guide (FilmB) (Film B) Z7817.A45         261 reels

The American Missionary Association (AMA) was established in 1846 as an interdenominational missionary society devoted to abolitionist principles. The Association grew directly from the committee organized in 1839 to defend the Africans who had revolted and seized the schooner La Amistad.  The papers provide the detailed history of the AMA from its origin to 1882.

Military Intelligence Division Correspondence relating to “Negro Subversion,” 1917-1941

RECAP Microfilm 09662          Online guide      Printed guide: none      6 reels

Reproduced record cards and correspondence of the Military Intelligence Division (MID) that relate to activities of blacks in both civilian and military life, 1917-41.

Minority Voter, Election of 1936 and the Good Neighbor League

Microfilm 12137          Online guide      Printed guide (FilmB) JK526 1936.D48 2008        10 reels

Designed as a case study of minority, including African American, women, and ethnic, involvement in a presidential election campaign, using the 1936 Democratic Campaign as a model.

National Archives.  Correspondence of the Military Intelligence Division relating to “Negro Subversion,” 1917-1941

RECAP Microfilm 09662               Online guide      Printed guide: none      6 reels

Reproduced record cards and correspondence of the Military Intelligence Division (MID) that relate to activities of blacks in both civilian and military life, 1917-41.

The Negro in the military service of the United States, 1639-1886

Microfilm 1099.9227          Printed guide (FilmB) CD3026.A52          5 reels

Consists of records compiled for publication by the Colored Troops Division of the Adjutant General’s Office in 1888. Originals held by National Archives as part of Record Group 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917.

     See also

National Archives Online guide 

Negro Labor Committee Record Group, 1925-1969

RECAP Microfilm 11589       Online guide      Printed guide: (FilmB) E184.6.G853       17 reels

Included in the manuscript collection are the personal files of Frank R. Crosswaith, founder and longtime chairman of the Negro Labor Committee.

New Deal Agencies and Black America

Microfilm 05473        Online guide      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.L47          25 reels

Materials found in this collection pertain primarily to the New Deal-black experience for the years between 1933 and 1940.  Materials were drawn from the following agencies, Office of Education, National Youth Administration, Department of Interior, Civilian Conservation Corps, Department of Labor U.S. Employment Service, National Recovery Administration, Department of Commerce, and Works Progress Administration.

Paul L. Dunbar Papers (1872-1906)

Microfilm 09609         Printed guide (FilmB) PS1557.P385            9 reels

Paul Robeson Collection

Microfilm 06952        Printed guide (FilmB) E185.97.R63A35          9 reels

Papers of Carter G. Woodson and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1915-1950

RECAP MICROFILM 11590       Printed guide (FilmB) E175.5.W65 A3     34 reels

Papers of the Civil Rights Congress

Microfilm 11925                      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.C59 1988          125 reels

Part 1. Case Files.  Part 2. Files of William Patterson and the National Office.  Part 3. Publications.  Part 4. Communist Party USA files.  Part 5. Citizens Emergency Defense Conference.

“The Civil Rights Congress (CRC) was established in 1946, and fought for the protection of the civil rights and liberties of African Americans and suspected communists primarily through litigation, political agitation, and the mobilization of public sentiment.  African American lawyer and Communist leader William Patterson served as executive secretary of the organization throughout its existence.”

Papers of the Congress of Racial Equality, 1941-1967

RECAP Microfilm 04276                    Printed guide (FilmB) Z1361.N39M46 1980     49 reels

“Strategies, tactics and ideologies of CORE are documented in these papers. Internal records, reports, project files, correspondence, convention notes, newsletters and other information related to civil rights organizations are included.”

Papers of the Congress of Racial Equality, 1944-1968: Addendum

RECAP Microfilm 04562                         Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.P36        25 reels

“This collection offers materials recently released for micro-publication which were unavailable at the time of the 1980 program entitled The Papers of the Congress of Racial Equality, 1959-1976. The Addendum spans the years 1944-1968, with the largest portion of materials dealing with the 1961 to 1968 period when CORE adopted a more militant strategy in response to the Black Power movement. The collection was filmed from the holdings of the Library and Archives of The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc. of Atlanta, Georgia.”

Papers of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

Microfilm 05354    Online guides     Printed guide (FilmB) Z1361.N39 G84      500+ reels

Papers of the National Negro Congress, 1933-1947

Microfilm 11689                     Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.N374      94 reels

Part I: Records and correspondence, 1933-1942

Part II: Records and correspondence, 1943-1947

Part III: Financial records, 1940-1947, and publications

Part IV: Negro Labor Victory Committee, 1942-1945

Papers of the Pennsylvania Abolitionist Society

Microfilm 1083.706                                                 reels 2-5 (reel 1 is missing; request through ILS)

Papers of W.E.B. Du Bois

RECAP Microfilm 04494       Online guide      Printed guide (FilmB) Z6616.D8M35        89 reels

The Papers of W.E.B. DuBois provides insight into a critical period in modern social and political history through the eyes of a black leader.  Researchers can trace the changes in DuBois's political and social philosophy over the years as he shifted more and more toward radicalism and eventually became a member of the Communist Party of America at the age of 93. His correspondence, representing as it does a lifetime of progressive thought, also provides valuable historical insight into the development of the modern civil rights movement.

   See also

[W.E.B.] Du Bois Notebooks, 1905-1934

RECAP Microfilm 03378       Printed guide: none        4 volumes on 1 reel

[W.E.B.] Du Bois Papers at Fisk University.  Boxes 54-63

Microfilm 11721        Printed guide: none        6 reels

[W.E.B. Du Bois] Papers

Microfilm 03169          Printed guide: none         1 reel

Primarily typescript copies of speeches and radio broadcasts.

Peonage Files of the U.S. Department of Justice, 1901-1945

RECAP Microfilm 06400      Online guide      Printed guide (FilmB) HD4875.U6 P46      26 reels

Rich in legal, social, and labor history, the collection contains material on the first federal prosecution under the peonage statute, U.S. v. Eberhart, in 1898, and the first Supreme Court case dealing with peonage,Clyatt v. United States, began in 1901 in Florida. 

President Truman’s Committee on Civil Rights

RECAP Microfilm 05573           Online guide         Printed guide (FilmB) E813.J84          10 reels

This microfilm collection brings together the various manuscript materials in the Harry S. Truman Library at Independence, Missouri, relative to the President's Committee on Civil Rights, 1946-1948. There are some documents illuminating the origins of the PCCR and the promotion of its report. The bulk of the material, however, is on the operation and organization of the Committee itself.  The richest and most extensive documents (over 2,500 pages) are the transcripts of the Committee meetings and the testimony of groups and individuals before the Committee.

Public Housing, Racial Policies, and Civil Rights : The Inter-Group Relations Branch of the Federal Public Housing Administration, 1936-1963

RECAP Microfilm 0000      Printed guide: NA           31 reels

Microfilm collections: R-W

Race, slavery and free blacks [microform]: petitions to southern legislatures, 1777-1867

RECAP MICROFILM 10695        Printed guide (FilmB) E441 .R323       23 reels

Records of the American Colonization Society

Founded in 1817, the American Colonization Society sought to resolve the problem of slavery in America by helping African-Americans to return to Africa. The records of the ACS available through interlibrary loan from the Center for Research Libraries.

Records of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Parts 1-3

RECAP Microfilm 11720                         Printed guide (FilmB) HD6515.R362 B76          50 reels

Part 1. Records of the BSCP, 1925-1969 (30 reels) Online guide 

Part 2. Records of the Ladies Auxiliary of the BSCP, 1931-1968 (10 reels) Online guide 

Part 3. Records of the BSCP relations with the Pullman Company, 1925-1968 (10 reels) Online guide 

Documents the founding of the BSCP and its early efforts to gain recognition from the Pullman Company. Scores of letters and organizing reports show the union's appeal to rank and file porters and the company's efforts to keep the union at bay.

Records of the Committee on Fair Employment Practices: Division of Review and Analysis: Part 1. Racial Tension File, 1943-1945

RECAP Microfilm 11991                     Printed guide (FilmB) HD8081.A65 S55 2006         9 reels

"The Committee on Fair Employment Practice formulated and interpreted policies to combat racial discrimination in employment; received, investigated, and adjusted complaints of discrimination; and assisted government agencies, employers, and labor unions with problems of discrimination. Part 1 consists of Racial Tension File in the Records of the Division of Review and Analysis. The Division’s records include information about the African American community during World War II. The Division was responsible for operational analysis, program planning, and research. The Racial Tension File documents encompass the years 1943 through 1945 and are arranged alphabetically by city. The file provides information on employment, housing, recreational facilities, industries, strikes and postwar planning for areas in which racial disturbances were anticipated."

     See also

Records of the Committee on Fair Employment, Record Group 228, 1940-1946.  National Archives. Online guide

Records of the National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs, 1895-1992

RECAP Microfilm 09022                     Printed guide (FilmB) E185.86.R426          41 reels

Part 1. Minutes of national conventions, publications, and President’s office correspondence (26 reels)Online guide 

Part 2. President’s office files, 1958-1968 (15 reels) Online guide 

This collection documents the founding of the organization and the role that it has played in the political, economic, and social development of the modern African-American community, as well as its involvement in national and international reform movements.

Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior relating to the suppression of the African slave trade and Negro colonization, 1854-1872

MICROFILM 09663                Guide at start of reel 1                10 reels

Records of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1954-1970. Parts 1-4

RECAP Microfilm 10096                         Printed guide (FilmB) E185.61.S687

Part 1. Records of the President’s office (21 reels) Online guide 

Part 2. Records of the Executive Director and Treasurer (22 reels) Online guide 

Part 3. Records of the Public Relations Dept. (10 reels) Online guide 

Part 4. Records of the Program Dept. (29 reels) Online guide 

Registers and letters received by the Commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

RECAP Microfilm 08519       Printed guide: (FilmB) E185.2 .U547 1968      74 reels

The Bureau "supervised all relief and educational activities relating to refugees and freedmen. Assumed custody of abandoned or confiscated lands or property in the former Confederate States, border states, District of Columbia, and Indian Territory." From National Archives, Record Group 105, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.  National Archives - Online guide

Robert H. Terrell Papers

RECAP Microfilm 11868            Guide contents listed at the beginning of reel 1    4 reels

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.  New York Public Library, Black and Third World Periodicals, Sample Issues, 1844-1963

RECAP Microfilm 11984     Online guide      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.5.S35 1995         8 reels

This collection includes samples issues of black periodicals published in the United States, West Indies, and Africa, as well as other publications dealing primarily with Africa or peoples of African descent wherever they reside.  The periodicals are arranged alphabetically by title.

Scottsboro Case: State of Alabama v. Patterson, et. al.

Microfilm 05618          Printed guide: none                 7 reels

Consists of original and photostat copies of documents from the Scottsboro trials and appeals, collected by Samuel S. Leibowitz, counsel for the defendants.

Selected series of records issued by the Commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872

Microfilm 08518          Online guide       Printed guide: none          7 reels

Southern Civil Rights Litigation Records for the 1960s

RECAP Microfilm 05448      Printed guide (FilmB) KF4756.A1G84 or (SF)KF4756.A1G84     170 reels

“This voluminous microfilm collection, with elaborately indexed records of major civil rights cases, was compiled from holdings of the Legal Defense Fund of the NAACP, the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, the Lawyers Constitution Defense Committee, and individual attorneys. The original documents are housed at Tougaloo College.”

The Southern Regional Council papers, 1944-1968

RECAP MICROFILM 12458     Printed guide (FilmB) HN79.A13 S687 1984     225 reels

Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union Papers, 1934-1970

RECAP Microfilm 06126               Printed guide (FilmB) Z7164.T7 S5     60 reels

Founded by seven black and eleven white sharecroppers on an Arkansas cotton plantation in July1934, the STFU laid the groundwork for and contributed to the creation of the LaFollette Civil Liberties Committee in the U.S. Senate and the Kennedy-Johnson Administration's War on Poverty.  A unique feature of this collection is the correspondence from sharecroppers to union officials. Notes scrawled on scraps of paper or penciled on the backs of outdated calendars tell of usurious landlords, sick children, and flood conditions.

State Free Negro Capitation Tax Books, Charleston, South Carolina, ca.1811-1860

RECAP Microfilm 08353                         Guide appears at the beginning of reels 1 and 2

"The twenty-nine books in this publication list names of many free blacks who lived in Charleston between 1811 and 1860. The tax collector of the parishes of St. Philip's and St. Michael's probably created the books to collect the capitation tax between 1756 and 1865. Names, addresses, tax status, and notations like 'dead' and 'overage' appear. The 1822 and 1823 books list occupations." Records from the South Carolina Archives. Guide on film at beginning of both reels.

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Papers, 1959-1972

Microfilm 04530                   Printed guide (FilmB) E185.5.xS78          73 reels

One of the most important civil rights groups in the late '50s and early '60s, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was also to become one of the most controversial in its later years. Formed by student activists nationwide in response to the burgeoning student sit-in movement in 1960, SNCC adopted the Gandhian theories of nonviolent direct action, which had been formulated by CORE in the 1940s. Collection includes correspondence, project files, internal reports, and others materials.

      See also  Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee of California, The Movement, Microfilm S00846    Underground Press Collection. Guide to collection, (Film B) Z6951.U4

Transcripts of the Malcolm X Assassination Trial: The People of the State of New York v. Thomas Hagan, Thomas 15X Johnson, and Norman 3X Butler

Microfilm 09179       Online guide        Printed guide KF224.H3 H342 1993          3 reels

Official transcripts of the trial at the New York Supreme Court : The People of the State of New York v. Thomas Hagan, Thomas 15X Johnson, and Norman 3X Butler. (Indictment No. 871 of 1965; Steno No. 7255).

Tuskegee Institute News Clippings File

Microfilm 05488       Printed guide (FilmB) Z1361.N39xT8 1978     252 reels

“Covering the years 1899 to 1966, these clippings were compiled from more than 300 major American national dailies, leading American south-eastern dailies, African-American newspapers, magazines, religious and social publications, and non-US newspapers.  They cover a variety of topics: civil rights, discrimination, economic conditions, lynching, race relations, riots, sports, health, politics, and other subjects.” 

Universal Negro Improvement Association, Records of the Central Division, New York, 1918-1959

RECAP Microfilm 11989     Online guide      Printed guide (FilmB) E185.86.U55 1988      6 reels

Collection also contains records related to organizations affiliated with the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) including Garvey Clubs, and the Pan-African Community League, among others.

Universal Negro Improvement Association Records, 1921-1986

RECAP Microfilm 11994    Online guide    Printed guide (FilmB) E185.86.U48 A12 1994      16 reels

Correspondence, reports, conference proceedings, speeches, minute and ledger books, membership certificates, and much more relating to the Universal Negro Improvement Association. Founded by Marcus Garvey in 1914 as a philanthropic and fraternal ogranization to promote pan-Africanism, the UNIA developed into a radical political group that advocated repatriation to Africa, among other things. The major portion of this collection dates from the period 1940-1950.

[W.E.B.] Du Bois Notebooks, 1905-1934

RECAP Microfilm 03378       Printed guide: none        4 volumes on 1 reel

W.E.B. Du Bois Papers (1868-1963)

RECAP Microfilm 04494                Printed guide (FilmB) Z6616.D8 M35              89 reels

[W.E.B.] Du Bois Papers at Fisk University.  Boxes 54-63

RECAP Microfilm 11721        Printed guide: none        6 reels

[W.E.B. Du Bois] Papers    

Microfilm 03169          Printed guide: none         1 reel

Primarily typescript copies of speeches and radio broadcasts.

William H. Hastie Papers.  Part 2. Civil Rights, Organizational, and Private Activities

RECAP Microfilm 11824                         Printed guide (FilmB) KF373.H38A25

Attorney William Henry Hastie was the first African American appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit by President Truman in 1949.  Part 2 of the collection documents his activities as a civil rights lawyer, educator, and judge.  Part I, covering his opinions are available in the Federal Reporter in print, LexisNexis and Westlaw (online in both the academic and law school versions).