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Public opinion polls for historians

World

Index to international public opinion. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, -c2000.
Data and Statistical Services (DSS). Firestone HM261 .I523
Location has: 1978/79-1998/99
Issued every year and arranged by topic and then by country, to the user can identify, for example, questions and responses on education in Uraguay in 1977.

Public opinion, 1935-1946. Under the editorial direction of Hadley Cantril. Prepared by Mildred Strunk. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Pr., 1951.
Data and Statistical Services (DSS). Firestone HN90.P8 P79

Polling the Nations  (1986+)
Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 80 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.

France: public opinion polls

The Gallup international public opinion polls, France, 1939, 1944-1975. George H. Gallup, general editor. New York : Random House, c1976-
Data and Statistical Services (DSS). Firestone HN440.P8 G35

Sondages. Institut français d’opinion publique.Paris : L’Institut, 1945- [Institut français d’opinion publique]
Firestone Library (F) DC398 .S663
1945-1978, lacks some; also Bulletin d’informations, 1944-45

For French public opinion polls from 1984 onwards, search Worldcat for SOFRES, which publishes an annual, "L'etat de l'opinion."

and see also:

Oui, non, sans opinion: 50 ans de sondages. IFOP. Eric Dupin. Paris: InterEditions, c1990.
Annex A, Forrestal (TEMP): HN440.P8 D87 1990

Germany: public opinion polls

OMGUS (Office of Military Government of the United States for Germany)

From the beginning of the U.S. occupation of Germany after WWII, the Opinion Survey Section of OMGUS conducted polls of public opinion on a wide range of topics within the occupied territory. Polls were conducted by the United States Information Agency from 1949-1955. 

Public opinion in occupied Germany: the OMGUS surveys, 1945-1949. Edited by Anna J. Merritt and Richard L. Merritt., with a foreword by Frederick W. Williams. Urbana, University of Illinois Press [1970]
Continued by the authors’ Public opinion in semisovereign Germany.
Firestone Library (F) HM261 .M48

Public opinion in semisovereign Germany : the HICOG surveys, 1949-1955. Edited by Anna J. Merritt and Richard L. Merritt ; with a foreword by Leo P. Crespi. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c1980. Firestone Library HM261 .M49

Another collection of German polls conducted by the Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach can be found in these volumes:

The Germans: public opinion polls 1947-1966. Edited by Elisabeth Noelle and Erich Peter Neumann. Allensbach, Bonn, Verlag für Demoskopie, 1967. Firestone Library DD259.2 .N62 1967

The Germans--public opinion polls, 1967-1980. Edited by Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann ; Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, c1981. Firestone Library HN460.P8 G47

Australia: public opinion polls

Australian opinion polls, 1941-1977. Terence W. Beed ... [et al.]. Sydney: Hale & Iremonger & University of Sydney Sample Survey Centre, 1978.
Annex A, Forrestal (TEMP): HN850.Z9 P825
Purely an index by topic. Does not include the questions, and the sources of the data may or may not be available at Princeton.

International Social Survey Program

International social survey program (ISSP) is an ongoing collaboration to gather data on specific topics as part of regular national surveys. The survey began in 1986. Countries vary. See http://www.issp.org/ for more information and a list of the topics and dates. The data and documentation are available from ICPSR.

International social survey program series [electronic resource]. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor] 1985-
http://www.icpsr.com/cocoon/ICPSR/SERIES/00124.xml

The International Social Survey Programme, 1984-2009: charting the globe. Edited by Max Haller, Roger Jowell, and Tom W. Smith. Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2009. Firestone Library (F) HM538 .I58 2009