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Elections and Voting Data Guide

Data, statistics, media, and other resources on elections and voting, turnout, campaigns and nominations, electoral administration, and more in the United States and around the world.

Multi-country Electoral Returns

Constituency Level (national parliamentary and/or presidential)

Regional Elections (national parliamentary by region as well as regional assemblies)

Precinct / Below the Constituency Level Data

Finding voting results below the level of the electoral constituency/district (i.e., the level at which seats are distributed) can be very challenging. Each country reports at different levels of geographic aggregation. I have placed links to the lowest level I could find, which in all cases is below the constituency level. Emphasis is on parliamentary (specifically the lower house) elections.

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All Europe

European Election Database (This covers a higher geographic level, but allows comparison of elections in 35 countries over 20 years at NUTS levels 1-3 to facilitate comparison with Eurostat regional statistics.)

Denmark

2011 and 2007 parliamentary (Folketing) elections by polling precinct (afstemningsområder) (click on British flag at top for English, then choose Elections on the left nav bar; each elections link is to a table for one of the 10 multimember constituencies (storkreds) where you can download a table of all the polling precincts in that nomination district (opstillingskreds) in various formats (.xls, .csv., .txt, etc.))

2005 parliamentary election (Folketing) by municipality (kommune) (in PDF; tables 75 and 77, starting on p. 96)

2001 parliamentary election (Folketing) election by precinct (afstemningsområder) (in PDF; tables 2 and 3 of the appendix, starting on p.325)

1998 parliamentary election (Folketing) by precinct (afstemningsområder) (in PDF; tables 2 and 3 of the appendix, starting on p.310)

1994 parliamentary election (Folketing) by precinct (afstemningsområder) (in PDF; tables 2 and 3 of the appendix, starting on p.288)

1990 parliamentary election by municipality (kommune) (in PDF; tables 73 and 75, starting on p. 86)

Finland

France

2012, 2007, and 2002 legislative and presidential elections (rounds 1 & 2) by municipality (commune) (links to .xls or .csv for each round and election)

The following results can be obtained from Centre de données socio‐politiques (CDSP) by emailing info.cdsp@sciences-po.fr:

  • 1986, 1988 (first round only), 1993, and 1997 parliamentary election results by municipality (commune) [only municipalities over 9,000 inhabitants]
  • 1981 (first round only), 1988, and 1995 (first round only) presidential election results by municipality (commune) [only municipalities over 9,000 inhabitants]
  • 1988 parliamentary election results by canton
  • 1981 (first round only) and 1988 presidential election results by canton.

 

Germany

1980, 1983, 1987, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2005, 2009 parliamentary elections (Bundestag) by polling precinct (wahlbezirke) (delimited .txt files; Princeton users only. Available on Wahl zum Deutschen Bundestag [7 CDs], from the German Federal Statistical Office, bundeswahlleiter@destatis.de)

Below is an incomplete list of online sources (for non-Princeton users; compiled before we acquired the complete collection above)

Schleswig-Holstein

2009 Bundestag election (in Excel; data set description )

2005 Bundestag election (in Excel data set description )

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

2009 Bundestag election (.csv)

2005 Bundestag election (.csv)

2002 Bundestag election (.csv)

Hamburg

2009 Bundestag election (in Excel)

2005 Bundestag election (in Excel)

2002 Bundestag election (in Excel)

Bremen

2009 Bundestag election (1st round) (HTML table)

2009 Bundestag election (2nd round) (HTML table)

Berlin

2009 Bundestag election (in Excel)

Brandenburg

2009 Bundestag election (in Excel)

United States

Harvard Election Data Archive—presidential and congressional elections by state and precinct, various years 2000+ (mostly 2008–2010) Geo-referenced to US Census Voting Tabulation Districts for comparison to Census data at the block level. Online database; can download to variety of formats. Also includes GIS shapefiles.

2000 Federal Elections Project—precinct-level returns for all states plus D.C. for congressional and presidential elections. Many states have an additional file with results matched to racial data from the 2000 Census, and some include returns for various statewide offices or initiatives. Results are in Excel.

Record of American Democracy (ROAD)—includes every election at and above State House, along with party registration and other variables, in each state for the roughly 170,000 precincts nationwide, 1984-1990. Data has also been merged with many demographic and socioeconomic variables from Census data. Online database; can download to variety of formats.

 

Other Election Data Sources

Electoral Administration and Integrity

Election Monitoring Organizations and Reports

Voting in International Organizations

Politics Librarian