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Citing Economics and Finance Resources and Data: Examples for Financial & Economic databases

Examples of the elements needed to cite major economic and financial databases

Examples

 

Citing Major Economic/Financial Databases

Follow the examples below. In your methodology section, state the criteria used in obtaining your results. For many microeconomic data sets, the code book has the correct citation in the front of the documentation. Below are just a few representative examples.


Berkeley Options Database

Berkeley Options Database. (Years). Available: University of California. Berkeley. [access date]. Retrieved from Princeton University Data and Statistical Services Homepage <https://dss.princeton.edu/studies/611>.


Bloomberg

Bloomberg [Online]. (date searched). Available: Bloomberg.


Capital IQ

S&P Capital IQ [Online]. (date searched). Available: S&P Global Market Intelligence..


CEIC

CEIC. (Insert data). In (insert name of database) [Online]. Available: ISI Emerging Markets Group Company.

CEIC. (June 12, 2024). In Cambodia [Online]. Available: ISI Emerging Markets Group Company.



Complete Economic and Demographic Data Source (CEDDS)

Complete Economic and Demographic Data Source (CEDDS). (2023 edition).  Available: Woods & Poole Economics.

COMPUSTAT

S&P Global Market Intelligence Data through Wharton Research Data Services. Compustat North America [Fundamentals Annual]. (Years). Available: Standard & Poor's/Compustat [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.

S&P Global Market Intelligence Data through Wharton Research Data Services. Compustat Global [Annual Data]. (Years). Available: Standard & Poor's/Compustat [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.

.CRSP

CRSP Stocks. (Years). Available: Center For Research in Security Prices. Graduate School of Business. University of Chicago [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.

CRSP Mutual Funds . (Years). Available: Center For Research in Security Prices. Graduate School of Business. University of Chicago [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.

Datastream

A guide to citing Datastream International, can be found at https://libguides.princeton.edu/datastream/citing

 

EIU Products

EIU Country Data [Online]. (date searched). Available: Economist Intelligence Unit.

EIU Market Indicators and Forecasts [Online]. (date searched). Available: Economist Intelligence Unit.

 


Emerging Markets Database

Emerging Markets Database. (Years). Available: Standard & Poor's [Access Date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.


Execucomp

Standard & Poor's Execucomp. (Years). Available: Standard & Poor's [Access Date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.

 


FAOSTAT

Food and Agriculture Organization. (Year). Data retrieved June 12, 2024, from FAOSTAT database.


Fixed Income Securities Database

Fixed Income Securities Database. (Years). Available: Mergent [Access Date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.


Global Financial Data

Global Financial Data [Online]. (date searched). Available: Global Financial Data.


Global Insight

Global Insight. (date searched). In insert name of file [Online]. Available: IHS Global Insight/insert name of section/insert codes.

examples:
Global Insight. (June 12, 2024). In U.S. Industrial and Regional Markets [Online]. Available: IHS Global Insight/MARKETS/NR@LA.

Global Insight. (June 12, 2024). In International Financial Statistics [Online]. Available: IHS Global Insight/IFS.

 

Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP)

See https://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/tech_assist/citations.jsp

I/B/E/S

 I/B/E/S. (Years). Available: I/B/E/S International [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.


ICPSR Datasets

See https://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/content/shared/ICPSR/faqs/why-and-how-should-i-cite-data.html


IPOLL Datasets

See https://ropercenter.cornell.edu/publishing-roper-center-data/how-cite

 

Infogroup

 

Historical Business. Academic Version.  (Years). Available: Data Axle [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.


ISSM

ISSM. (Years). Available: Institute for the Study of Securities Markets. University of Memphis. [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.


Ivy DB Optionmetrics

Ivy DB Optionmetrics (Years). Available: Ivy DB Optionmetrics [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.


Markit

Markit. (Years). Available: Markit.com [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.


Morningstar

Morningstar Direct [Online]. (date searched). Available: Morningstar.

 

National Center for Health Statistics datasets (NHIS, NAMCS, etc.)

 

See https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/citations.htm

 

Revelio Labs

Revelio Individual. (Years). Available: Revelio Labs [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.

Revelio Job Postings. (Years). Available: Revelio Labs [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.

 

RiskMetrics. Governance Data

 

RiskMetrics. Governance Data. (Years). Available: ISS Governance Services [access date]. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.

Sage Data (formerly Data-Planet) (example) (when you pull up a table in the source you will get the exact citation)

National Center for Education Statistics. (2022, November 22). National assessment of educational progress (naep): Assessment by all students 4th Grade, Mathematics, All students, Cumulative achievement level – At or above Basic, All students, 2022. [Data set]. Sage Data. Sage Publishing Ltd. https://doi.org/10.6068/DP186FFD8DF2B78

SDC Databases

Corporate Restructurings [Online]. (date searched). Available: LSEG.

Mergers & Acquisitions [Online]. (date searched). Available: LSEG.

Global New Issues [Online]. (date searched). Available: LSEG.

VentureXpert [Online]. (date searched). Available: LSEG.

Social Explorer

 

Data Table Name (Survey Year, Survey Name). In SocialExplorer.com. Retrieved <Date> from <Table URL>

Example:

SE:T8. Age (Census 2010). In SocialExplorer.com. Retrieved July 25, 2018, from https://www.socialexplorer.com/tables/C2010/R11764616

TAQ Database

TAQ Database (Date Searched). Available: New York Stock Exchange. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.


 Ownership Data (LSEG also known as CDA or Thomson Financial)

 Ownership Data (Date Searched). Available: LSEG. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.


UN Comtrade

United Nations Subscription Division. (Year). Data retrieved June 12, 2024, from UNSD Commodity Trade (COMTRADE) database.

or if from WITS

World Bank. (Year). Data retrieved June 11, 2024, from World Integrated Trade Solution.  UNSD Commodity Trade (COMTRADE) database.


World Development Indicators

World Bank. (Year). Data retrieved June 12, 2024, from World Development Indicators Online (WDI) database.


World Integrated Trade Solution

World Bank. (Year). Data retrieved June 12, 2024, from World Integrated Trade Solution.  UNSD Commodity Trade (COMTRADE) database.

World Bank. (Year). Data retrieved June 11, 2024, from World Integrated Trade Solution.  Tariff and Trade Analysis (TRAINS) database.


Worldscope

Worldscope (Date Searched). Available: LSEG. Retrieved from Wharton Research Data Service.