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Historical U.S. census and vital records

1870 census

39.8 million persons

Geography: Add Nevada, Nebraska

Publications: https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html

  • Census reports compiled from the original returns of the ninth census (June 1, 1870,) under the direction of the secretary of the interior, by Francis A. Walker, superintendent of census. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872. Data and Statistical Services (DSS): Decennial Census Oversize HA201.1870 .A2q
  • A compendium of the ninth census (June 1, 1870). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872 . HA201 1870 .A3
  • Statistical atlas of the United States based on the results of the ninth census 1870: with contributions from many eminent men of science and several departments of the government. New York: Julius Bien, lith., 1874. Rare Books: Historic Maps Collection (MAP) Oversize HA201 1870 .A5e

1880 census

50.1 million persons

Geography: Add Colorado, Alaska as a territory.

Publications: Data and Statistical Services (DSS): Decennial Censuses 1790-2000  and https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html

1890 census

62.9 million persons

Geography: Add Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota. First coverage of Indian Territory.

Publications: Data and Statistical Services (DSS): Decennial Censuses 1790-2000 and https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html

Note: The original documents of the 1890 census were destroyed in a fire in 1921, and only fragmentary material remains.

1900 census

75.9 million persons

Geography: Add Utah, Hawaii as a territory. First count of U.S. citizens living abroad.

Publications: Data and Statistical Services (DSS): Decennial Censuses 1790-2000 and https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html