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Black Buddhism

A research guide on Black Buddhism supporting the Black Buddhism Faculty Project of the Princeton University Center for Culture, Society, and Religion

Buddhist Justice Reporter

Buddhist Justice Reporter

A curated list of relevant articles from Lion's Roar and Tricycle magazines.


View as a Zotero bibliography

A selection of popular and scholarly articles relevant to Black Buddhism. Many of the links are to articles behind paywalls, but may be available through a college or university library.

Ali, Ayesha. “White People, It’s Time to Look in the Mirror.” Lion’s Roar, August 13, 2020.

Buddhadharma: The Practitioner’s Quarterly. “Special Issue: Free the Dharma: Race, Power, and White Privilege in American Buddhism.” 2016.

Chappell, David W., ed. “Engaged Buddhism in the West.” In Racial Diversity in the Soka Gakkai, 184–217. Somerville, MA: Wisdom Publications, 2000.

Day, Keri. “Freedom on My Mind: Buddhist-Womanist Dialogue.” Buddhist-Christian Studies 36 (2016): 9–15.

Gajaweera, Nalika. “Sitting in the Fire Together: People of Color Cultivating Radical Resilience in North American Insight Meditation.” Journal of Global Buddhism 22, no. 1 (2021): 121–39.

Gleig, Ann. “Buddhists and Racial Justice: A History.” Tricycle: The Buddhist Review, July 24, 2020.

———. “Why Are White Buddhists So Angry? White Rage and Buddhist Studies Scholarship.” The Shiloh Project (blog), May 2, 2021.

Gleig, Ann, and Brenna Grace Artinger. “#BuddhistCultureWars: BuddhaBros, Alt-Right Dharma, and Snowflake Sanghas.” Journal of Global Buddhism 22, no. 1 (2021): 19–48.

Hase, Craig Nicholas, James C. Meadows, and Stephanie L. Budge. “Inclusion and Exclusion in the White Space: An Investigation of the Experiences of People of Color in a Primarily White American Meditation Community.” Journal of Global Buddhism 20 (2019): 1–18.

Hickey, Wakoh Shannon. “Two Buddhisms, Three Buddhisms, and Racism.” Journal of Global Buddhism 11 (2010): 1–25.

hooks, bell. “Toward a Worldwide Culture of Love.” Lion’s Roar, November 8, 2022.

———. “Waking Up to Racism: Dharma, Diversity, and Race.” Tricycle, Fall 1994.

Hucks, Tracey. “Wombu: An Intellectual Exercise in Womanist and Buddhist Reading.” Buddhist-Christian Studies 36 (2016): 43–47.

Leath, Jennifer. “Canada and Pure Land, a New Field and Buddha-Land: Womanists and Buddhists Reading Together.” Buddhist-Christian Studies 32 (2012): 57–65.

Lion’s Roar Staff. “Why Is American Buddhism So White?” Buddhadharma: The Practitioner’s Quarterly, November 10, 2011.

“Making the Invisible Visible: Healing Racism in Our Buddhist Communities,” 2000.

Mason-John, Valerie. “The Time for Black Sanghas Has Arrived.” Lion’s Roar, October 6, 2021.

McNicholl, Adeana. “Being Buddha, Staying Woke: Racial Formation in Black Buddhist Writing.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 86, no. 4 (December 2018): 883–911.

———. “Buddhism and Race in the United States.” Religion Compass 15, no. 8 (2021).

Medine, Carolyn. “Practice in Buddhist-Womanist Thought.” Buddhist Christian Studies 36 (2016): 17–28.

Razak, Arisika. “Affinity Sanghas and the Practice of Refuge.” Lion’s Roar. Accessed March 12, 2024.

Selzer, Linda Furgerson. “Black American Buddhism.” In Writing as Enlightenment: Buddhist American Literature into the Twenty-First Century, 37–68. State University of New York Press Albany, 2011.

———. “The Trauma of an American Untouchable.” Lion’s Roar, March 5, 2021.

Strand, Clark. “Born in the USA: Racial Diversity in Soka Gakkai International.” Tricycle 13, no. 2 (2003): 51–57.

Vesely-Flad, Rima. “Black Buddhists and the Body: New Approaches to Socially Engaged Buddhism.” Religions 8, no. 11 (October 2017): 1–10.

Walker, Alice. “This Was Not an Area of Large Plantations: Suffering Too Insignificant for the Majority to See.” In We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting for: Inner Light in a Time of Darkness. New York: The New Press, 2021.

Yetunde, Pamela Ayo. “Black Lesbians to the Rescue! A Brief Correction with Implications for Womanist Christian Theology and Womanist Buddhology.” Religions 8, no. 17 (2017): 1–10.