In the catalog, use the following subject headings:
Letting of contracts
Budget cuts mandated in 2013 led to the elimination of the MLS program.
Western multinationals are now increasingly locating their research and development (R and D) activities in the emerging economies of China and India. This offshoring of innovation raises the following questions for policy makers and multinational firms:
1) What is the extent and nature of outsourcing and offshoring innovation, especially to emerging economies like India and China?
2) What are the main drivers of the globalisation of innovation?
Answering these questions involved collecting secondary data on the R and D locations of the world's largest multinationals, namely the Fortune 500 companies (minus financial service firms). The sample covers a wide range of industries, including pharmaceuticals, chemicals, electronics, engineering, and equipment manufacturing.
This is a cross-national, cross-sectional, micro-level study of companies listed on the Fortune 500 in 2008 (excluding financial services firms) in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, UK and USA.
Building Supply and Export Capacity: The Case of Offshored Services (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development - 2014) Part of the "Services: New Frontier on Sustainable Development" series, this publication "defines the conceptual framework of outsourcing and offshoring, reviews the origin and evolution, determinants, and trends of outsourcing and offshoring, and identifies key policy challenges for developing countries seeking to maximize development gains from trade and policy action spheres for building supply-side capacity and promoting the export of offshored services."
Offshoring and Employment: Trends and Impacts
OECD publication that provides trends from 1995 through the mid-2000s on offshoring in OECD countries.
The Offshore Services Value Chain : Developing Countries and the Crisis by Gary Gareffi and Karina Fernandez-Stark The World Bank Development Research Group Trade and Integration Team Policy Research Working Paper (5262- April 2010)
Congressional Research Service Reports:
Offshoring (or Offshore Outsourcing) and Job Loss Among U.S. Workers (CRS Report RL32292 12/17/2012) note: this report is the latest in a series of updates from 2004-2012 [Princeton Only: use ProQuest Congressional to search for RL32292 in All fields except full text]
Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data (CRS Report RL32461 6/21/2013)
Estimating the Impact of Trade and Offshoring on American Workers Using the Current Population Surveys
The World Bank Policy Research Working Paper (5750 - August 2011) that links industry-level data with individual worker data from the Current Population Survey.
Trade, Offshoring, and U.S. Multinational Corporation Employment in the U.S. Manufacturing Sector, 1999–2008 By Samira Salem, Laura Bloodgood, Isaac Wohl, Cathy Jabara and Nathanael Snow, Office of Industries, United States International Trade Commission (USITC) Publication No. ID-034, December, 2012.
U.S. Multinational Services Companies: Effects of Foreign Affiliate Activity on U.S. Employment
Office of Industries Working Paper (No. ID‐29) that "examines the effect that U.S. services firms; establishment abroad has on domestic employment . . . . based on services trade and investment data published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, and employment data collected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics".
Exporting America: The List (CNN, date unknown)
List of companies that CNN has confirmed are "Exporting America." These are U.S. companies either sending American jobs overseas, or choosing to employ cheap overseas labor, instead of American workers.