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Using Images in Teaching, Research and Publication

A guide to resources for the legal and ethical use of images in teaching and publications at the University

Image sources: Princeton's museum and library collections

Images sources: Princeton's licensed databases

`In general, images in licensed digital collections and databases accessible through Princeton University Library and other departments can be used for classroom/educational purposes but may not be used in publications or for any commercial purpose. If in doubt, look for a link to “terms of use,” “license terms,” or something similar.

Looking for the license terms?

AP Images: and

Early English Books Online (ProQuest): Must I obtain permission to reproduce images from EEBO? How?

Eighteenth Century Collections Online (Gale CENGAGE) and other Gale collections: Terms of Use – “personal, non-commercial, educational purposes only”

Early European Books (ProQuest): “Reproduction of images from Early European Books”

ProQuest Historical Newspapers “for educational or research purposes, including illustration, explanation, example, comment, criticism, teaching, or analysis.”

Images sources: museums & cultural institutions

Many libraries, museums and cultural institutions make images of their collections freely available for classroom use, but charge for high-quality images for publication.

David Rumsey Map Collection -- See -- requires permission for commercial use of their images

Ad Access (Duke University advertising collections)

Bibliotheque Nationale de France (Gallica)

British Library

The DPLA offers a variety of public domain content as well as content licensed under Creative Commons license, CC BY 3.0 License.

Europeana Offers digital reproductions of predominantly public domain works. Europeana has Usage Guidelines and requests that you credit the author and otherwise use the work appropriately.

Manuscripts Online Terms of Use   educational only

Morguefile (stock photos for presentations) High quality professional photos available free for any use except stand alone use (you can't take the photo and try to sell it by itself). Most of the photographers contributing to MorgueFile do not require attribution.

National Gallery of Art

Perseus Digital Library

Life Photo Archive

Library of Congress and

New York Public Library Digital Collections

Smithsonian Institution and

Wellcome Images

U.S. government agencies:

  • National Archives and Records Administration
  • NOAA
  • Department of Agriculture
  • NASA 

Museums offering images without fees

Image sources: fee-based resources for publication

In most cases, there will be a fee for use of the image and for a high-quality digital file for reproduction.

IAP:  Images for Academic Publishing

AKG images (Archive for Art and History)

Art Resource

Artists Rights Society

Bildarchiv Foto Marburg,|0

Bridgeman Images

Scholars Resource

SAH (Society of Architectural Historians)  SAHARA (must be a SAH member to access)

World Images

Image sources: Public Domain and Creative Commons License