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Encyclopedia and Bibliography Articles
Symphony II: 19th Century by
Publication Date: 2001
In Oxford Music Online
. A definitive if slightly old overview of the genre. Contains bibliography through 1997. Article subdivisions: "The Essence of the Genre"; "Beethoven"; "Beethoven’s Contemporaries"; "The Crisis of the 1830s"; "Germany and Austria, 1840–1900"; "Other Countries, 1840–1900"; Mixtures with Other Genres."
Publication Date: April 2013