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Generative AI

A introduction to generative AI

How to cite AI

Writers should cite a generative AI tool whenever they include, paraphrase, or incorporate its content in any way into their work.

Generally, citations should include the name of the tool, its creator, and the date of content generation. Some styles (like MLA) also require the prompt in the citation. Researchers should also cite the tool if it's used in a functional way for writing or research, for example for editing or translating and brainstorming ideas.

When citing the tool, it is important to check the specific requirements required by the style guide. Different styles take different approaches. For example, APA defines the tool's creator, the company that made the tool, as the "author," while MLA defines the creator as the "publisher." Below is a sample citation of ChatGPT for APA and MLA.


OpenAI (2023). ChatGPT (March 14 version) September 7, 2023.


"[insert prompt]" prompt. ChatGPT (March 14 version), OpenAI, 7 Sept 2023.

When citing secondary sources (sources referenced by the generative AI tool), researchers should verify the original source. It is common for generative AI tools to "hallucinate" information, and even to fabricate entire bibliographies.

Citation Guidelines