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Population Research

Resources for Population Research

Population Statistics - General

Demographic and Health Surveys Nationally-representative household surveys for individual countries. Includes data for a wide range of monitoring and impact evaluation indicators in the areas of population, health, and nutrition. 

Demographic Yearbook United Nations. 1948-current. Worldwide statistics on population, birth, mortality, marriage, and divorce.

Health Nutrition and Population Statistics From the World Bank. Health, nutrition and population statistics from a variety of international sources.

U.S. Census Bureau International Database.  Estimates and projections for 228 countries and areas with a population of 5,000 or more and are recognized by the U.S. State Department from 1960-present. Includes population, fertility, mortality and migration.

Migration Policy Institute--Data Hub​ Collection of migration statistics for many countries throughout the world. Includes data on net migration, asylum, citizenship, integration and other aspects of migration. Contains some historical data.

Population Reference Bureau Datafinder Data on 133 population, health, and environment variables for more than 220 countries, 28 world regions and sub-regions, and the world as a whole. (Not all countries have data on all variables.)

Indigenous World – Publication of the International Working Group on Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA). Compilation of narrative regional and country reports about indigenous peoples often including statistics.

OECD iLibrary - Demographic, health, migration, education and more information by country. 

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Data Individual country information about fertility, reproductive health, life expectancy, family planning and more. 

United Nations State of World Population - Annual UNFPA publication outlining population and reproductive health trends. 

UNdata Data series from statistical databases provided by the United Nations. Includes data on population, health, education, refugees and more.

World Development Indicators Includes population, economic, social, educational, environmental and health data from many of the World Bank's major statistical publications by country. 1960+

World Population Prospects United Nations. Data for population size and growth, fertility, mortality, and international migration presented for five year periods 1950-2050 with three fertility variants and one constant fertility scenario for 1990-2050

World Refugee Survey - United Nations. Data and analysis compiled annually by the U.S. Committee for Refugees. Documents refugee protection, human rights, return migration, international law and other topics. Latest three years online. 

Historical Population Statistics

International Historical Statistics 1750-2010  Palgrave Macmillan (eds.) Statistics about population, agriculture, industry, trade, finance, education, and more. Covers  Africa, Asia and Oceania; Europe; and the Americas. 

Historical Statistics of the United States. S.B. Carter. Millennial ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006

The European Population 1850-1945F. Rothenbacher. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002. and  The European Population Since 1945. F. Rothenbacher. Houndmills [England]: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. Demographic data, arranged by country. 

The Central and East European Population Since 1850. F. Rothenbacher. Baskingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. ​Demographic data, arranged by country. 

Recent Demographic Developments in Europe [Strasbourg] : Council of Europe Press, 1993-2005. National population and vital statistics information for European countries.

See also: Censuses from individual countries

Country/Regional Population Statistics

British Historical Population Reports Provides online access to the complete British population reports for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937. 

CEPALSTAT - Latin America and the Caribbean United Nations site with socio-demographic, economic and environmental data from countries in Latin America and Caribbean, including Demographic Observatory (life tables)

EPS China Statistics Consists of 65 statistical datasets covering social statistics, the economy, financial markets, industry and trade. Particularly strong focus on city and county statistics. 

ESCAP - Asia and the Pacific United Nations site with socio-demographic, economic and environmental data from countries in Asia and the Pacific.

Eurostat Compiled by the Statistical Office of the European Communities. Contains census and other population data by country. Provides social and economic statistics for India, covering topics such as agriculture, banking and finance, companies, crime and law, demographics, education, elections, environment, foreign trade, health, housing, media, and tourism.

Universal Database of Statistics for Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States 2002 Russian census.