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Finding historical U.S. newspapers at Princeton

Where to start

For foreign historical news, see the guide at

A WORD OF CAUTION: Just because a newspaper is digitized, or is well-known in the 21st century, does not mean it was the most prominent or popular newspaper of its day.  To learn about the circulation figures of newspapers, you may consult one of the following publications:

Rowell's American newspaper directory, 1869-1908 (online or in print

N. W. Ayer and Son's American newspaper annual, 1869-1919 (online)

N. W. Ayer and Son's American newspaper annual and directory, 1910-1929 (online or in print)

The IMS Ayer directory of publications, 1936-1984 (in print)


Now, if what you need in an American paper published before about 1990, is it in one of the large collections of historical newspapers?

A few historical newspapers have stand-alone online archives. Check the Quick Guide to Major Papers. 

Didn't find what you need? Check to see if it has been digitized:

Newspaper digitization projects (ICON: International Coalition on Newspapers)
Wikipedia: list of online newspaper archives
Historical U.S. Newspapers Online (libguide at the University of Pennsylvania, lists papers by state)

If you can’t find digital, you probably can find microfilm. There is a list of newspapers held at Princeton in microfilm, arranged by state, at If we do not have what you need, check Worldcat, then place an Interlibrary Loan request. 

If you don’t know what newspapers were published in a particular time/place, check Chronicling America: Newspaper Directory at the Library of Congress. This site also links to many digitized local papers from 1836-1922.

Attention: there are some digital newspaper collections that are not available through an institutional subscription:

  • Fold3 includes a SmallTownPapers collection; however, it is not part of the library subscription.
  • includes a newspaper collection that is not available in the Library Edition.
  • is a subset of the content from America's Historical Newspapers, repackaged for individual subscribers.
  • There are some individual papers with digital archives that are available only to individual subscribers. In most cases, the "archive" does not include pre-1990 content, so before subscribing, make sure that what you want is actually included, and check to see if Princeton subscribes to that paper through one of the collections above.

If you need information about a paper, try Wikipedia. There are good articles on many historic papers.

If the paper was published after 1990, go to the guide to Current newspapers (Nexis Uni, Newsbank, Factiva).

Where to start (if you're not at Princeton)

If you are not a Princeton student, faculty or staff member, you will not able to access most of the fee-based resources listed here from these links. If you are a student somewhere, ask your librarian what your library can provide. If you're a member of the general public, check with your public library, or see the excellent list of papers available for free on the Internet, prepared by Carol Singer at Bowling Green State University: Historical U.S. Newspapers Online

Shortcut: U.S. papers in ProQuest Historical Newspapers

Shortcut: 20th c. U.S. papers in America's Historical Newspapers

Augusta Chronicle (Georgia) 1792+
Charlotte Observer (North Carolina) 1892+
Cleveland Plain-Dealer 1845-1981
Dallas Morning News 1885+
Jersey Journal (Jersey City, New Jersey) 1867-1977, 1999+
Miami Herald 1911+
Mobile Press Register (1970-1983 + more to come)
New Orleans Times-Picayune 1837+
Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio) 1845+
Portland Oregonian 1861+
Richmond Times Dispatch  1903+
Sacramento Bee 1857+
San Francisco Chronicle 1923+
Seattle Daily Times 1895+
Springfield Republican (Massachusetts) 1861-1946, 1988+
State (Columbia, South Carolina) 1891+
Trenton Times 1883+
Washington Evening Star (District of Columbia) 1923-1981

Archives of Printed Newspapers

Sometimes, you may need to access a printed newspaper.  Directories of such collections are available.