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WRI 123/124: Fight the Power

Constructing Your Bibliography

Bibliographic management tools such as Zotero, Mendeley, and EndNote enable you to store library sources in your own personal database and then incorporate the citations seamlessly into your research paper in whatever format your writing seminar requires. Within these tools you can take also notes on the books and articles you find and search those notes by keyword.

Go to the bibliographic management LibGuide to learn more.

Citing Your Sources

The citations and bibliography in any scholarly work have two purposes:

  • to acknowledge the author's debt to the work of others
  • to enable the reader to locate the sources consulted by the author

To do that, your citations and bibliography need to include complete and accurate information about your sources, arranged in a consistent way that does not confuse your reader. At this point in your research, you will all have encountered unhelpful footnotes with mysterious abbreviations, incorrect information, or other problems. 

There are many ways to arrange the information. This is called "style" and there are several common styles in use. Commonly used styles in academic writing include The Chicago Manual of Style, MLA, and APA.  

Where to start

An overview and summary of each style is found at Purdue OWL Research and Citation Resources

The full set of rules for each style is found in these publications: