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WRI 159/160: Gray Matter

Known item searching

After consulting reference sources and keyword searching, research proceeds with the selection of a few important books or articles. Pay close attention to the citations in their bibliography and footnotes, which will in turn lead you to other sources. These citations are referred to as "known items" since they include all of the information you need in order to find them. There are three types of citation:


Soom, Patrice. From psychology to neuroscience : a new reductive account. Frankfurt ; New Brunswick : Ontos Verlag, 2011. 

  • Search by "Title starts with" in the Catalog in order to find books written by a single author. Omit an initial article (a, the, la, etc.). Remember, if the book is not available electronically, you can request a scan of a "fair use" portion (20%) by clicking on "Request Pick-up or Digitization."


O'Keefe, John. "Is consciousness the gateway to the hippocampal cognitive map? A speculative essay on the neural basis of mind." Brain and mind. Ed. David A. Oakley. London ; New York : Methuen, 1985. 59-98.

  • Edited books are collections of articles published under a single title. Search for these as you would for a book written by a single author by using the "Title starts with" index in the Catalog. Do not search for the author or the title of the article (in quotes) but rather by the title of the entire collection.


Rifkin, Ben; Maraver, Maria; Colzato, Lorenza. "Microdosing psychedelics as cognitive and emotional enhancers." Psychology of Consciousness, 7:3 (Sept 2020): 316-329.

  • Citations to journal articles look a lot like those to edited books, but note the "numeration" (7:3 = volume 7: number 3) and that the year is set off in parentheses. Often times, simply quoting the title in a Google search will bring you to the electronic version of the article, but if that doesn't work, search for the journal title by using the "Title starts with" index of the Catalog and then limit by the format "Journal.". These titles will often be abbreviated so you have to expand those abbreviations before searching the Journal title index -- simply enter the abbreviation in Ulrich's Periodical Directory to find the full title.