1. Create your RefWorks account2. Saving citations to RW (including web pages)3. Organizing your RefWorks library4. Creating bibliographies5. Cite in-text with Write-N-Cite6. Share citations with RefShare7. Import citations from EndNote into RefWorks8. Off-Campus Access to RefWorks
1. Install EndNote2. Create an Endnote Libray3. Add Citations to an EndNote Library4. Generate Citations & Bibliographies in MS WordFAQ
1. Installing Zotero2. Saving citations to Zotero3. Organzing your Zotero library4. Creating bibliographies5. Import/ Export citation library6. Advanced tips
This is the "The Basics" page of the "WWS Refworks, Endnote & Zotero" guide.
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WWS Refworks, Endnote & Zotero  

Created by Katie Collins of Brandeis; this site is in the process of revision for Princeton.
Last Updated: Feb 23, 2010 URL: http://libguides.princeton.edu/citations Print Guide Email Alerts

The Basics Print Page

What is a Citation?

What is a citation? A citation....

  • describes a book, journal article, website, or other published item
  • gives credit to the originator of an idea, thus preventing plagiarism
  • enables the reader to retrieve the item you refer to
  • includes the author, title, source (publisher and place of publication or URL), and date

A citation manager is a tool which helps you to store, organize and output your citations in the format you prefer.


Three Options for Citation Management

Here is a summary - see also the full comparison chart.

Refworks www.refworks.com
easy-to-use software that is web based and available to all Princeton users (www.refworks.com). RefWorks allows you to import references from Princeton's Main Catalog and many electronic databases which Princeton licenses. You can conveniently compile a list of sources you intend to read--as you identify them--and save the list online.

Zotero  http://www.zotero.org/
easy-to-use open source tool (http://www.zotero.org/) that is accessible via the web—it actually works right in your Firefox browser. Using Zotero, it is easy to capture and save citations found on webpages, and to add notes and other information to saved citations for efficient organization.

sophisticated citation manager that offers the largest number of citation formats and options. The files reside on the computer which does not make it dependent on an internet connection; it does offer a basic but less functional Web based option; it is considered more difficult to learn.


EndNote vs. RefWorks vs. Zotero—A Comparison of Options for Managing Citations

Which citation tool is right for you? The comparision chart below highlights the main features and differences.

EndNote RefWorks Zotero
Access Desktop client software Web-based Desktop software that lives in Firefox web browser
Allows users to share citations No Yes No
Learning curve Takes longer to learn and normally requires training
Fairly quick to learn Quick to learn
Where are my files stored Locally to your computer Hosted web server Locally to your computer
Word processing integration

Works with Word and with LaTex through BibTex

Works with Word through Wrint-N-Cite feature and LaTex through BibTex
Works with Word and Open Office and with LaTex through BibTex and Google Docs
Automatic import of publications list into Faculty Activity Report and Faculty Guide Yes Need to export publications list to EndNote Need to export publications list to EndNote
Adding References
Import from online databases Yes Yes Yes
Import web pages Yes Yes Yes
Import from RSS feeds No Yes Yes
Import records from Main Catalog Yes Yes Yes
Import citations from PUL QuickSearch

Types of records you can import (PDF's, images, etc.)

Good for organizing records for artilces and books, PDF's and other file types

Good for organizing records for artilces and books.

Books, artilces, patents and webpages.

Can also store PDF's web screenshots files and images in records.

You can make PDF's searchable by choosing to index them in the preferences menu.

Managing and maintaining a large citation library (1,000 records plus) Not complex; EndNote is a good option for maintaining large citation libraries. Not complex; RefWorks can be slightly more cumbersome for managing large libraries.
More difficult; takes more time to sort duplicate records and to verify that the records are complete.
How many output styles? Over 1,000 Over 500
Modify and create output styles? Yes Yes No
Can you export your citation library to a different tool? Yes Yes Yes

Good for organizing citations for long papers and theses.

Good option for complex major research projects, becuase it offers the most options for customization and formatting.


Web-based solution which allows you to access your files from the Internet and does not restrict access to a single workstation.

Allows users to easily share lists of citations.

Good for organizing citations for papers.


Simple to download records.

Good for managing a variety of formats including web pages.

Offers the most functionality in a free open-source product.



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