What is a Citation?
What is a citation? A citation....
- describes a book, journal article, website, or other published item
- gives credit to the originator of an idea, thus preventing plagiarism
- enables the reader to retrieve the item you refer to
- includes the author, title, source (publisher and place of publication or URL), and date
A citation manager is a tool which helps you to store, organize and output your citations in the format you prefer.
Three Options for Citation Management
Here is a summary - see also the full comparison chart.
easy-to-use software that is web based and available to all Princeton users (www.refworks.com). RefWorks allows you to import references from Princeton's Main Catalog and many electronic databases which Princeton licenses. You can conveniently compile a list of sources you intend to read--as you identify them--and save the list online.
easy-to-use open source tool (http://www.zotero.org/) that is accessible via the web—it actually works right in your Firefox browser. Using Zotero, it is easy to capture and save citations found on webpages, and to add notes and other information to saved citations for efficient organization.
sophisticated citation manager that offers the largest number of citation formats and options. The files reside on the computer which does not make it dependent on an internet connection; it does offer a basic but less functional Web based option; it is considered more difficult to learn.
EndNote vs. RefWorks vs. Zotero—A Comparison of Options for Managing Citations
Which citation tool is right for you? The comparision chart below highlights the main features and differences.
|Access||Desktop client software||Web-based||Desktop software that lives in Firefox web browser|
|Allows users to share citations||No||Yes||No|
|Learning curve||Takes longer to learn and normally requires training
||Fairly quick to learn||Quick to learn|
|Where are my files stored||Locally to your computer||Hosted web server||Locally to your computer|
|Word processing integration||
Works with Word and with LaTex through BibTex
|Works with Word through Wrint-N-Cite feature and LaTex through BibTex
||Works with Word and Open Office and with LaTex through BibTex and Google Docs
|Automatic import of publications list into Faculty Activity Report and Faculty Guide||Yes||Need to export publications list to EndNote||Need to export publications list to EndNote|
|Import from online databases||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Import web pages||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Import from RSS feeds||No||Yes||Yes|
|Import records from Main Catalog||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Import citations from PUL QuickSearch
|Types of records you can import (PDF's, images, etc.)||
Good for organizing records for artilces and books, PDF's and other file types
|Good for organizing records for artilces and books.||
Books, artilces, patents and webpages.
Can also store PDF's web screenshots files and images in records.
You can make PDF's searchable by choosing to index them in the preferences menu.
|Managing and maintaining a large citation library (1,000 records plus)||Not complex; EndNote is a good option for maintaining large citation libraries.||Not complex; RefWorks can be slightly more cumbersome for managing large libraries.
||More difficult; takes more time to sort duplicate records and to verify that the records are complete.
|How many output styles?||Over 1,000||Over 500|
|Modify and create output styles?||Yes||Yes||No|
|Can you export your citation library to a different tool?||Yes||Yes||Yes|
Good for organizing citations for long papers and theses.
Good option for complex major research projects, becuase it offers the most options for customization and formatting.
Web-based solution which allows you to access your files from the Internet and does not restrict access to a single workstation.
Allows users to easily share lists of citations.
Good for organizing citations for papers.
Simple to download records.
Good for managing a variety of formats including web pages.
Offers the most functionality in a free open-source product.